How to Address and Redirect Destructive Chewing in Puppies?

Chewing is a natural behavior for puppies, but when it crosses the line into destructive behavior, such as gnawing on furniture or personal items, it can become a problem. Puppies chew for many reasons, including teething, boredom, anxiety, or a lack of exercise. As puppy owners, understanding why this behavior occurs and how to effectively redirect it, can save countless shoes, walls, and other valuable items from the jaws of your furry friend. This article will delve into understanding the factors that trigger destructive chewing in puppies, as well as effective solutions to redirect this behavior.

Understanding the Behavior: Why do Puppies Chew?

Before you start addressing the issue, gaining a clear understanding of why your puppies engage in such behavior is crucial. Simply telling them off or punishing them will not help in the long run.

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Chewing is a normal part of a puppy’s development. Just like human toddlers, puppies explore their world by putting things in their mouths. However, this behavior can escalate due to factors such as teething, boredom, and anxiety. Teething causes discomfort, leading puppies to chew on items to relieve the discomfort. Bored puppies may chew to entertain themselves, while anxious ones may chew as a coping mechanism.

Understanding these triggers is the first step towards addressing destructive chewing. Rather than focusing on stopping the behavior, aim to manage and redirect it in a positive way.

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Investing in Chew Toys: A Safe Alternative

To manage your puppy’s chewing behavior, invest in an array of chew toys. Remember, not all toys are created equal. Some puppies prefer soft, plush toys, while others may prefer hard, durable ones.

When introducing new toys, it’s essential to monitor your puppy. Ensure that they are not tearing apart the toy and ingesting any parts. Regularly inspect the toys for wear and tear, replacing them as necessary.

Furthermore, rotate the toys to keep your puppy interested. Just like kids, puppies can get bored with the same toy over time. Rotating toys keeps them novel and engaging, lessening the likelihood that your puppy will resort to chewing on items around the house.

Training and Exercise: Essential for a Happy, Healthy Puppy

Training and exercise are key components in preventing destructive chewing. Regular exercise helps burn off energy, reducing the chances of your puppy turning to chewing out of boredom. Depending on your puppy’s age and breed, the appropriate amount of exercise will vary.

Training, on the other hand, teaches your puppy what they can and cannot chew. This includes teaching commands like "leave it" or "drop it", which can help redirect your puppy from a prohibited item to an acceptable chew toy. Remember to always reward your puppy for complying with these commands to reinforce positive behavior.

Managing Separation Anxiety

If your puppy’s destructive chewing is motivated by anxiety, particularly separation anxiety, the above strategies may not be enough. Separation anxiety is a serious condition, where your dog becomes extremely anxious when left alone.

One way to manage this condition is through gradual desensitization. This involves leaving your puppy alone for short periods at first, gradually increasing the duration over time. Always ensure that your puppy has access to their favorite chew toys during these times.

However, considering the severity of this condition, it’s highly recommended to consult with a professional. They can provide a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to your dog’s needs.

Addressing Chewing Promptly and Effectively

The key to curbing destructive chewing is addressing the behavior promptly. If you catch your puppy in the act, distract them with a loud noise, then immediately redirect them to a chew toy. Never punish your puppy after the fact, as they won’t understand what they did wrong.

In summary, while destructive chewing can be frustrating, it’s crucial to remember that your puppy is not doing this to be naughty. By understanding the triggers, providing appropriate chew toys, ensuring adequate exercise, and addressing anxiety issues, you can effectively manage and redirect this behavior. Remember, patience and consistency are key in this process, and soon, your puppy will learn what is and isn’t acceptable to chew.

Mental Stimulation: The Key to Curbing Destructive Chewing

Beyond physical exercise, mental stimulation is also an integral part of curbing your dog’s destructive chewing. Lack of mental stimulation can lead to boredom, often resulting in your puppy resorting to destructive chewing as a way to entertain themselves.

An effective way to provide this mental stimulation is through interactive dog toys or puzzle feeders that challenge your dog’s problem-solving skills and keep them occupied for extended periods. This not only keeps your dog mentally engaged but also diverts their chewing tendencies towards a more appropriate chew toy.

Training sessions are also an excellent way to provide mental stimulation. Incorporating training sessions into your daily routine not only reinforces good behavior but also challenges your puppy’s mind, preventing boredom and subsequent destructive behavior.

Use a variety of training techniques, including obedience training, agility training, or even trick training, to keep things interesting for your dog. Remember that short, regular training sessions tend to be more effective than long, infrequent ones.

Also, consider training your dog to ‘trade’ the inappropriate item they are chewing for a more acceptable chew toy or treat. This approach redirects the puppy’s chewing behavior positively and reinforces the correct behavior with a reward.

The Role of a Balanced Diet in Managing Destructive Chewing

What your puppy eats can also impact their chewing behavior. An unbalanced or nutrient-deficient diet can lead to pica—a condition that causes dogs to chew or eat non-food items.

Ensure that your puppy gets a balanced diet, rich in all the necessary nutrients. Talk to your vet about the best diet for your dog’s breed and age. Puppies, for instance, need more protein than adult dogs. Free shipping may be available from many pet supply retailers, making it easy to try different high-quality dog foods.

Chew treats can also supplement your dog’s diet and satisfy their urge to chew. However, be cautious about the type and quantity of chew treats you give your puppy. Some can be high in calories and lead to weight gain if given excessively. Others can be hard and cause dental problems. Always supervise your puppy when giving them a chew treat to prevent choking.


Addressing and redirecting destructive chewing in puppies is a multifaceted process. It requires understanding the behavior, providing the right chew toys, ensuring adequate physical exercise and mental stimulation, managing any underlying anxiety issues, and maintaining a balanced diet.

In addition, patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are crucial in managing and redirecting this behavior. Keep in mind that puppies are not chewing destructively out of naughtiness or spite, but rather due to natural instincts and needs.

With the right approach, you can effectively manage your puppy’s chewing habit, protecting your belongings while also ensuring your puppy’s happiness and well-being. It’s a journey that requires time and effort, but the result— a well-behaved, happy dog— is more than worth it.